The administrative per se law (APS) requires the department of motor vehicles (DMV) to take action when people drive under the influence of alcohol. Under the law, the DMV is required to suspend the license of anyone who drives with a blood alcohol content (BAC) above the legal limit, which is .08 for every state under the per se law.
The DMV must also suspend the license of anyone who refuses to take a BAC test or when anyone under the age of 21 has a BAC of .01 or higher. Some states set the limit for those under 21 at .02 or higher.
Enacted in 1990, the per se law allows for immediate action to be taken when someone is arrested for driving under the influence (DUI). While some states were slower to enact the law, every state has followed the administrative per se law since 2005. When a driver has a BAC above the legal limit or refuses to take a BAC test, their license is revoked or suspended.
In most cases, the suspension takes effect 30 days after the arrest. The arresting officer will confiscate the driver’s license and issue them a temporary 30-day license.
After an administrative per se suspension, a driver can contest their license suspension. In most states, they have 10 to 30 days to request a hearing. They may be able to have their suspension delayed until their hearing takes place. An administrative per se hearing takes place separately from any hearings resulting from criminal charges related to the arrest.
“Per se” is Latin for “by itself,” which means that a BAC above the legal limit by itself makes a driver guilty of driving under the influence. They do not need to commit any other traffic violations or offenses to have their license revoked. For example, a person may be arrested for DUI under the per se law after being pulled over for a broken tail light or when passing through a police checkpoint.
Yes, drivers can be convicted of a DUI even if their BAC is below .08. As previously stated, drivers who are under the age of 21 can get a DUI if their BAC is .01 or above.
Additionally, drivers can be convicted of a DUI if the arresting officer can prove they were impaired, even if their level was below .08. This might happen if a driver fails a field sobriety test or if a police officer’s body cam clearly shows erratic or unsafe behavior.