Attorney at Law
FOR LAWYERS

Internally Displaced Person (IDP)

What is an Internally Displaced Person (IDP)?

An Internally Displaced Person (IDP) is someone who has been forced to flee their home but remains within the borders of their country. Although IDPs are often referred to as “refugees,” they do not have legal refugee status under international law. According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, there were 71.1 million IDPs at the end of 2022, with 62.5 million as a result of conflict and violence and 8.7 million as a result of disasters.

Key Takeaways

  • An Internally Displaced Person (IDP) is someone who has been forced to flee their home but remains within the borders of their origin country.
  • IDPs do not have legal refugee status under international law, though they are often referred to as “refugees.”
  • IDPs frequently become refugees as they are compelled to seek safety beyond their country's borders due to escalating conflict or dire humanitarian conditions.

Rights of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)

Internally displaced persons have the same rights and freedoms under national and international law as other individuals in their country. In other words, the law cannot discriminate against IDPs, and they have full access to international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law. Unfortunately, some governments do not honor the rights of IDPs which can leave these individuals vulnerable and at risk of humanitarian crisis. The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, which was created in 1998, aimed to restate the existing rights of the internally displaced. In its essence, the 30 principles emphasize that IDPS are entitled to enjoy the same rights as other persons in their country. Here are a few examples of rights ensured through the Guiding Principles:

  • The right to protection from physical violence
  • Freedom of movement and residence
  • The right to education
  • Freedom of expression and thought, conscience, religion, and opinion
  • The right to participate in public affairs and economic activities 
  • Additional protection for children, expectant mothers, persons with disabilities and elderly persons 
  • The right to protected against being arbitrarily displaced
  • The right to seek safety in another part of their country or seek asylum in another country
  • The right to an adequate standard of living
  • Protection against deprivation of property and possessions
  • Safe access to food and water, shelter, clothing and essential medical services
  • IDPs must not be discriminated against due to race, sex, religion, social origin or language.

Bottom Line

In conclusion, understanding the rights and needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) is essential for ensuring their safety and well-being. At Attorney At Law, we are committed to providing support and guidance to all those in need. If you have any questions about IDPs or seeking asylum, get in touch with an immigration attorney today.

Ask a Lawyer

Ask your own question and get advice from expert attorneys
Ask Question

Featured Asylum Lawyers

Immigration Law Office of Karina Arzumanova, P.A.

google-logo
13 years in practice
Asylum, Citizenship, Deportation Law, Family Visa, Green Cards
View Profile

Ratner Molineaux, LLP

google-logo
50 years in practice
Asylum, Auto Accidents, Employment Law, Immigration Law, Personal Injury
View Profile

Alizadeh Employees Law, Prof. Corp.

9 years in practice
Asylum, Citizenship, Work Visas
View Profile

Law Office of Edwin Burnett

36 years in practice
Copyright, Intellectual Property
View Profile

Aldrich & Brunot, LLC

google-logo
9 years in practice
Auto Accidents, Personal Injury
View Profile

Horn Wright, LLP

google-logo
28 years in practice
Employment Law, Personal Injury, Sexual Assault
View Profile

Contact AttorneyAtLaw.com

Are you looking for an attorney? Do you have questions about a legal case you are facing? Contact us now and we will put you in touch with a lawyer for free.
Attorney At Law is changing how clients connect with lawyers. By providing an innovative platform to lawyers who want to expand their practice’s reach, AAL is bringing law practices into the future.
6142 Innovation Way
Carlsbad, California 92009
Some of the content of this website may be considered attorney advertising under the rules of certain jurisdictions. The information on this website is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this site should be taken as legal advice for any individual case or situation. This information is not intended to create, and receipt or viewing does not constitute an attorney-client relationship.
crossmenuchevron-upchevron-down linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram