Attorney at Law


Lia Kopin-Green
April 13, 2023

What are Exemptions?

In United States tax law, an exemption is a certain allowance that reduces or eliminates the taxes owned by an individual or business. Many different types of tax exemptions are available, including those that are applicable to income tax, property tax, and sales tax.

In some cases, tax-exempt may refer to the status of particular businesses or organizations which have limits on the amount of income or gifts that are taxable by law. Religious and charitable institutions are often considered tax-exempt.

Key Takeaways

  • US tax exemptions are certain allowances that reduce or eliminate the tax liability of an individual or business.
  • Tax exemptions may apply to income taxes, property taxes, sales taxes and other forms of taxes.
  • Tax-exempt status allows certain businesses or organizations to become exempt from paying taxes on any net income or profits.

Types of Tax Exemptions

There are many different types of tax exemptions available. Some of the most common include:

  • Personal Exemptions: For tax years prior to 2018, taxpayers may claim personal exemptions for themselves, their spouse and each of their dependents. Personal exemptions are generally claimed on a taxpayer’s income tax return. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 went into effect in 2018 and eliminated personal tax exemptions.
  • Standard Deduction: The standard deduction refers to the amount that taxpayers are eligible to subtract from their adjusted gross income to ultimately reduce their tax liability.The specific amount that can be deducted is influenced by various factors, including one's marital status.
  • Itemized Deductions: Some taxpayers may be eligible for itemized deductions, which involves listing and claiming specific tax-deductible expenses on their tax return. Mortgage interest, state and local taxes, medical expenses and charitable contributions are common examples of itemized deductions.
  • Retirement Savings Exemptions: Some retirement savings programs such as Roth IRAs and 401(k) plans provide significant tax advantages. Payments to these retirement savings vehicles may be tax-deductible, and the growth of investments within these accounts may be tax-deferred until withdrawn.
  • Non-Profit Organization Exemptions: Non-profit organizations may be classified as 501(c)(3) entities, which offers an exemption from federal income tax on income related to their tax-exempt purpose. Tax-exempt organizations include charities, religious organizations and educational institutions.
  • Sales Tax Exemptions: Certain goods, services or types of organizations may be subject to sales tax exemptions. Typical sales tax exemptions apply to items such as groceries, prescription drugs, and nonprofit organizations.

Bottom Line

In conclusion, understanding and navigating the ins and outs of tax exemptions can be challenging. However, it is essential to be knowledgeable about your entitlements in order to reduce your tax obligations. By seeking professional assistance from our team of tax law experts, you can feel confident in your financial decisions and take full advantage of US tax exemptions. Find a specialized tax lawyer in your area today with Attorney At Law.

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